Gestational diabetes (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance of variable degree with onset or first recognition during the present pregnancy. The incidence of gestational diabetes is 15-17 percent in Indian pregnant women. After delivery, approximately 90% of all women with GDM become normoglycemic but are at increased risk of developing GDM earlier in subsequent pregnancies
Dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet is an eating plan that emphasizes consumption of fruits, vegetables, and low sodium, low-fat dairy foods, low amounts of saturated fat, total fat, and cholesterol to reduce blood pressure. The DASH diet includes whole grains, poultry, fish, and nuts. It emphasizes reduced amounts of fats, red meats, sweets, and sugared beverages. The DASH diet is used for both preventing and controlling high blood pressure. Successful adoption of DASH diet requires many behavioural changes.
The World Health Organisation has estimated that high blood pressure causes one in every 8 deaths worldwide, making hypertension the third leading killer in the world. Every individual has blood pressure which is necessary to move blood through the arteries and to provide oxygen to the tissue of the body. Normal blood pressure is when a people is lower than 120/80 mmHg.
What is lactose intolerance?
An enzyme in the small intestine "lactase" break down lactose (milk sugar) into smaller sugars units "glucose" and "galactose”. Deficiency of lactase or reduced activity of enzyme causes lactose intolerance. Lactose is supposed to enhance calcium absorption. About 50% of the adults from Asian and African population suffer from lactase deficiency.