Diabetic nephropathy is one of the chronic vascular complication of diabetes, which develop after several years of diabetes and results in progressive damage and loss of kidney function. Functional changed occur in the nephrons functional units of the kidney. Diabetic nephropathy is also called as Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD). Diabetic nephropathy has become the most common single cause of End-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Earliest clinical evidence of nephropathy is an appearance of albumin in urine, known as microalbuminuria. Microalbuminuria is also a marker of increased CVD risk. An annual screen for microalbuminuria should be performed in patients who have had T1DM for more than 5years, and in all Patients with type 2 DM at diagnosis.
Traditional medicine using medicinal plants for treating and preventing various diseases including cardiovascular diseases has gained much attention in recent years. Recently, virgin coconut oil (VCO) has been very popular as a food supplement.It is consumed as a functional food. VCO is marketed in Southeast Asia as functional oil, not as cooking oil. Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is defined as the oil resulting from the fresh and mature kernel of the coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) through mechanical and natural means, either with the use of heat or not provided that it does not lead to alteration or transformation of the oil.VCO is known as saturated oils. VCO is colorless.